The R22 Refrigerant Ban: What Homeowners Need to Know

September 18, 2023by J & J Services

The use of R22 refrigerant, also known as HCFC-22, has been prohibited since 2010 due to its contribution to ozone depletion. The ban was set forth by the Montreal Protocol in 1987 and implemented in the United States by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The EPA has since phased out the production and importation of R22. As a result, it is becoming increasingly difficult for consumers to purchase or obtain new supplies of this refrigerant.

Implications of the Ban

The ban on R22 has created a challenge for those who own air conditioning systems that use it. Consumers must now find alternative solutions to maintain their current systems or replace them altogether. This can be an expensive undertaking and one that requires careful consideration. Fortunately, there are options available for those looking to comply with the ban while still keeping their cooling systems operational. These include refilling with R22, retrofitting an existing system, or replacing it entirely. Each option has its own advantages and disadvantages that should be carefully weighed before making a decision.

Ban on R22 causes challenge for consumers; options include refilling, retrofitting, or replacing systems; careful consideration needed.

Option 1: Refill With R22 (For a Price)

Availability and Cost of R22 Refrigerant

R22 refrigerant is still available despite the ban on its production and importation in the United States. However, due to the limited supply and high demand, it has become an expensive option. The cost of purchasing R22 refrigerant varies depending on the supplier and location. On average, one pound of r22 refrigerant can cost anywhere from $50 to $150 or more. Additionally, some suppliers may require purchasers to provide proof that they are certified to handle R22 refrigerant before selling it to them.

Pros and Cons of Refilling with R22

Refilling an existing system with R22 is a short-term solution that can help extend the life of the system for a few years. It is also a relatively simple process as long as you have access to R22 refrigerant. However, due to its high cost and limited availability, refilling with R22 may not be a feasible option for many people. Additionally, since the ban on its production and importation is still in effect, there is no guarantee that you will be able to find a reliable source for purchasing it in the future. Furthermore, using R22 refrigerant may also lead to additional maintenance costs down the line as it can cause damage to your system over time if not properly handled.

R22 refrigerant still available but expensive; refilling short-term solution but costly and unreliable long-term.

Option 2: Retrofit Your System

Retrofitting an r22 system is a viable option for those who are not able to replace their current system with a new one. Retrofitting involves removing the existing components of the air conditioning system and replacing them with parts that are compatible with a different refrigerant, such as R410 This process can be costly and time consuming, but it is often the most cost-effective solution in the long run.

What is Involved in Retrofitting an R22 System?

The first step in retrofitting an R22 system is to evacuate all of the remaining refrigerant from the system. Once this is done, the old condenser coils and compressor must be removed and replaced with new ones that are designed to work with a different refrigerant. The evaporator coils may also need to be replaced if they are not compatible with the new refrigerant. Additionally, any other components that have come into contact with R22 must be replaced or upgraded so that they will function properly with the new refrigerant. The entire process usually takes several hours and requires specialized tools and knowledge.

Pros and Cons of Retrofitting an R22 System

The primary benefit of retrofitting an R22 system is that it can save money in the long run by allowing homeowners to keep their existing air conditioning unit rather than replacing it entirely. Additionally, retrofitting allows homeowners to avoid having to purchase expensive replacement parts for their existing unit. However, there are some drawbacks to retrofitting as well. It can be costly, time consuming, and require specialized tools and knowledge which may not be readily available for every homeowner. Additionally, there is no guarantee that retrofitted systems will perform as well as new units since they may have been damaged or worn down over time due to wear and tear or improper maintenance.

In conclusion, retrofitting an R22 system can be a viable alternative for those who cannot afford to replace their existing air conditioning unit entirely. While it may require more time and money up front, it can potentially save money in the long run by allowing homeowners to keep their existing unit while still being able to use a different type of refrigerant.

Option 3: Replace Your System

Replacing an old r22 system is the most expensive option, but it may be the best choice in some cases. The benefits of replacing an old system are numerous, and there are some important considerations that need to be taken into account when making a decision.

Benefits of Replacing an Old System

Replacing an old r22 system with a newer model has several advantages. First, the newer models are more efficient and use less energy, which can result in significant savings on energy bills over time. Additionally, the newer systems are designed to be more reliable and have fewer problems than older models. Finally, replacing the system will eliminate any potential issues with complying with the r22 ban.

Considerations When Replacing an Old System

When considering replacing an old R22 system, there are several factors to keep in mind. First, it is important to consider the cost of purchasing and installing a new system. While this option may be more expensive upfront, it could save money in the long run due to increased efficiency and reliability. Additionally, it is important to understand any warranties associated with the new system and ensure that all necessary permits and inspections are completed before installation begins.

Replacing an old R22 system can be a big decision, but it can also provide many benefits. By understanding the implications of the R22 ban, researching availability and cost of R22 refrigerant, weighing pros and cons of retrofitting or replacing an old system, homeowners can make an informed decision that works best for their budget and needs.


When it comes to the r22 refrigerant ban, there are three main options available to consumers. Refilling with R22 is an option, although it can be costly and time consuming. Retrofitting your system is another option, but this can also be expensive and may not always be a viable solution. Finally, replacing your system may be the best option if you want to ensure that you are using a more efficient system that meets current standards.

Ultimately, the decision of what to do about the R22 ban depends on your individual circumstances. If you have an older system that uses R22 refrigerant, then you should carefully consider all of your options before making a decision. Each option has its own advantages and disadvantages, so it is important to weigh up all of the pros and cons before deciding which one is right for you.

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